Diarrhea is the third leading cause of childhood mortality in India, responsible for 13% of all deaths.
There is a strong link between diarrhea and malnutrition.
The World Health Organization (WHO) estimates that 50 percent of malnutrition is associated with repeated diarrhea or intestinal worm infections.
Diarrhea is often caused by open defecation and lack of hand-washing at critical times.
The Just Play Programme has developed a theory of change on the Hygiene and Sanitation theme.
The three areas for outcomes related to the “software” component that Just Play is focused on are:
1. Proper handwashing techniques and knowledge of critical handwashing times
2. Usage of toilets when available
3. Keeping surroundings clean
- Boys and girls know when and how to wash their hands
- Boys and girls understand the importance of using toilets when available
- Boys and girls understand the importance of keeping their surroundings clean.
These three components are weaved into the Just Play Programme in a fun and interactive manner.
Middle term outcomes
After children gain knowledge about the messages in a fun and interactive manner in the short term, it is expected that children will put this knowledge into practice.
The expected medium-term outcomes of Just Play are:
- Boys and girls will start to wash their hands properly and at critical times
- Boys and girls will start using toilets when available
- Boys and girls will start making a contribution in keeping their surroundings clean.
End of programme outcomes
The end-of-programme expected outcome for the Sanitation and Hygiene programme is boys and girls change their perception about sanitation and hygiene.
Boys and girls wash their hands properly and at critical times
- Boys and girls will use toilets when available
- Boys and girls will make a contribution in keeping their surroundings clean.